Sir Gilbert Pickering

Inventory to

Manuscript Number 109

Manuscript Collections
Pitts Theology Library
Emory University

processed by
Jim Cooper
July 1989

Sir Gilbert Pickering (1613-1668) Mss. 109 Pardon (circa 1660)

Biographical Note

Gilbert Pickering was born in 1613. The son of Sir John Pickering, knt., of Titchmarsh, Northamptonshire by his wife Susannah, daughter of Sir Erasmus Dryden {father of John Dryden}. Little is known of his early life and education, however, he did enter Gray's Inn on November 6, 1629. He was married twice: first to the daughter of Sir Sidney Montagu, Elizabeth; and secondly, to a daughter of John Pepys of Chambridgeshire. He was later created a baronet of Nova Scotia. Pickering became a member of Parliament for the county of Northampton. He represented this county in the Short Parliament (April 13 to May 5, 1640) and the Long Parliament (November 1640 to April 1653). When Charles raised his standard at Nottingham on August 22, 1642, Pickering abandoned the king for the parliamentary cause. He was very active in raising money and recruiting troops and soon was appointed to the parliamentary committee. Pickering scourged the English clergy in his implementation of Parliament's ecclesiastical policies. In 1648, he was appointed one of the judges in the trial of Charles I. He did not sign the king's death warrant and only attended two sessions of the court. Pickering remained the representative for Northamton throughout the Interregnum (1648-1660). In the parliamentary election of 1655, it was claimed that he used illegal force to obtain his seat. He was appointed lord chamberlain to the Protector in 1657. He signed the proclamation recognizing Richard Cromwell as his father's heir and served in his government as well. His public career ended with the restoration of the Stewarts in 1660. Through the intercession of his brother-in-law, Edward Montagu, Earl of Sandwich, Pickering was removed from the list of Cromwellian supporters to be punished by the Act of Indemnity and Oblivion (1660), this was act designed to punish the regicides and restore the fortunes of loyal Cavaliers. Sandwich went further and was instrumental in obtaining a pardon from Charles II for Pickering. For his part in the rebellion, Sir Gilbert was barred from holding public office for the remainder of his life. Sir Gilbert Pickering died on October 21, 1668 and was succeeded by his son, John.

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Content Note

This collection consists of one hand-written document on vellum. It is a pardon granted to Sir Gilbert Pickering by Charles II.

Processed from Accession number 88-003.